Air policing, a peacetime collective defense mission, is a NATO initiative for safeguarding the “integrity of the NATO Alliance Member’s Airspace”. As this initiative is one tied to the founding principles of the NATO treaty, it further binds members together in a defense coalition. Falling in line with the principles of collective security, NATO members […]
States are under no legal obligation to allow independence referendums, but should still allow them, writes Aidan Simardone.
In 1995, Canada and Spain entered into a maritime dispute off the eastern coast of Canada. Canadian warships intercepted and seized Spanish fishing vessels not obeying the quotas of multilateral institutions tasked with fostering intergovernmental cooperation in the area. This conflict, dubbed the Turbot War, is an example of Canada use of unilateral force when multilateralism fell short. Lessons from this case should be applied to the changing Far North.
Michael looks into the potential impact of Catalonian independence on the economic future of Spain and Catalonia
Many members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization [NATO] are also members of the European Monetary Union [EMU]. This article will take a look at an often overlooked block of European Union economies, the Growth and Stability Pact (GSP). What is it? Simply put, the Growth and Stability Pact (GSP) is an agreement to commit, […]